November 1, 2007
The Parthian Empire began in the 3rd century BC and fell in the third century AD. Readers of my book already have seen the abundant evidence that the Parthian Empire was built and dominated by the reinvigorated ten tribes of Israel who had been led into an Asian exile by the Assyrians circa 721 BC. Given all the wars that have raged across South Central Asia over the millennia, it is understandable that many artifacts and relics of the Parthian period have been lost. One of the most impressive Parthian artifacts to survive was the ancient Bam Citadel, but it was heavily damaged in an earthquake in 2003. Because the fortress survived into modern times, it was known what it looked like prior to the earthquake. This has permitted reconstruction work to begin, and, thankfully, an Italian-Iranian crew is doing just that. Given the destruction of some ancient pre-Islamic artifacts in Iran, it is encouraging that this major Parthian fortress is being reconstructed.
Check this link for a view of what an ancient Parthian fortress looked like! Notice how is strongly resembles the feudal castles and fortresses of Medieval Europe! Secular historians have commented on the striking similarities between the Parthian “feudal” system of government and the feudal system which dominated later Medieval Europe for many centuries. The similarity obviously existed in their respective architectural systems as well. This Parthian fortress looks very much like a strong castle from Medieval Europe.
The fortress is surrounded by many other ruins. Presumably, these ruins are also part of an ancient Parthian city, but that is uncertain. When the Sassanian Persians overthrew the Parthian and drove them out of Asia, the Sassanians took over the Parthian cities and structures and adapted them for their own use.